Cerebrovascular Disease

  • Recognize the signs and symptoms of a CVA (Cerebrovascular Accident) based on an appropriate history and physical.
  • List a differential diagnosis for the patient presenting with CVA signs and symptoms
  • Identify key risk factors for cerebrovascular disease
  • Counsel and create a plan for primary prevention and secondary prevention of stroke, including lifestyle and non-pharmacological factors
  • Describe the management of an acute presentation of CVA in an outpatient office setting
  • Describe the initial work-up of a patient who presents with a CVA to look for causes of an embolus

Articles

Diagnosis of Acute Stroke

Yew KS, Cheng EM. Diagnosis of acute stroke. Am Fam Physician. 2015;91(8):528-536. doi: d11954 [pii].

TIA - Part 1 - Diagnosis and Evaluation

Simmons BB, Cirignano B, Gadegbeku AB. Transient ischemic attack: Part I. diagnosis and evaluation. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(6):521-526. doi: d10500 [pii].

Stroke Assessment and Prevention Pocket Cards.

Heart & Stroke Foundation.  Stroke Assessment and Prevention Pocket Cards.

CHADS2 Scorecard

Heart Rhythm Society. CHADS2 Risk Assessment for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation. 2011. Available at www.HRSonline.org