Given a patient presenting with constipation:
A7.1. Perform a patient-centered interview and focused physical exam, list and interpret clinical findings for constipation
A7.2. Propose a relevant differential diagnosis that includes common causes of constipation and less common but important causes of constipation
A7.3. Propose non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic management strategies for constipation
A7.4. List the various medication classes used to treat constipation and the appropriate use of these classes depending on presentation
CARE Guidance on Chronic Constipation Management
Gastroenterology Faculty: Guidance on Chronic Constipation Management: General Practitioner Version. CARE website. http://www.careeducation.ca/
Constipation in a 40-year-old woman
Panda H, Andrews CN. Constipation in a 40-year-old woman. CMAJ. 2016;188(4):277-278. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.150761 [doi].
Treatment of constipation in older people
Gandell D, Straus SE, Bundookwala M, Tsui V, Alibhai SM. Treatment of constipation in older people. CMAJ. 2013;185(8):663-670. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.120819 [doi].