Diabetes Mellitus (DM2)

  • Identify patients at risk for DM2 and select an appropriate screening strategy.
  • Diagnose DM2 using current criteria.
  • Discuss with patients the importance of lifestyle in the management of diabetes and the prevention of complications, especially the role of exercise, nutrition and avoidance of tobacco.
  • Propose an initial therapeutic plan for patients with DM2 and identify major drug side effects.
  • Describe recommended targets (glycemic control, lipids, blood pressure) for diabetic patients.
  • Propose a surveillance plan for patients with DM2 including the role of flow sheets and/or electronic records, and identification of end-organ damage.
  • Identify potential complications of DM


Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Card

Fauteux J, Yu Y, Keegan DA, Aggarwal SK, Thornton T. Type 2 Diabetes. Canadian Family Medicine Clinical Card. 2014. Available at: https://sites.google.com/site/sharcfm/


Canadian Diabetes Association. 2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines: Quick Reference Guide. Updated March 2016. Available at: http://guidelines.diabetes.ca/

Screening for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Jean-Marie Ekoé, Zubin Punthakee, Thomas Ransom, Ally P.H. Prebtani, Ronald Goldenberg, Screening for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Volume 37, Supplement 1, April 2013, Pages S12-S15, ISSN 1499-2671, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjd.2013.01.012.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - an evidence-based update

Zitkus BS. Type 2 diabetes mellitus: An evidence-based update. Nurse Pract. 2012;37(7):28-37. doi: 10.1097/01.NPR.0000415243.66858.27 [doi].

Insulin Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Petznick A. Insulin management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Am Fam Physician. 2011;84(2):183-190. doi: d8925 [pii].