- Describe and demonstrate the appropriate technique for blood pressure assessment.
- Describe the operator and patient factors that can artificially raise and lower blood pressure.
- Define how to diagnose hypertension in a family practice setting for different patient groups, and identify the blood pressure targets for these groups.
- Describe the role of home blood pressure monitoring and 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure assessment in diagnosis and monitoring of hypertension.
- Describe the effects of hypertension on end-organs and how to assess a patient for these.
- Propose an initial diagnostic workup for a patient with a new diagnosis of high blood pressure to determine if there is a secondary cause for hypertension (versus essential hypertension).
- Propose a treatment plan (incorporating non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic options) for a patient with a new diagnosis of high blood pressure.
- Recognize and act on a hypertensive crisis.
- Describe the various drug classes used to treat high blood pressure and their mechanisms of action and side effects.
2016 Canadian Hypertension Education Program Guidelines
Leung AA, Nerenberg K, Daskalopoulou SS, et al. Hypertension canada’s 2016 canadian hypertension education program guidelines for blood pressure measurement, diagnosis, assessment of risk, prevention, and treatment of hypertension. Can J Cardiol. 2016;32(5):569-588. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2016.02.066 [doi].
End Organ Damage in Hypertension
Schmieder RE. End organ damage in hypertension. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2010;107(49):866-873. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.2010.0866 [doi].